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The kstone acrylic solid surface technical specifications

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SHANGHAI KSTONE INDUSTRIAL CO.,LTD

OFFICE:419A,419B ROOM,3B/D,NO.2568,GUDAIROAD,SHANGHAI,CHINA,201100

www.kstonesurfaces.com

freddy@kstonesurfaces.com

TEL: 0086-13001640271

 

 The following sample(s) was/ were submitted and identified on behalf of the client as:

Sample Name                  :    ACRYLIC SOLID SURFACE

Sample No                      :    SC100220106

Test Required                  :    Please see next pages

Test Method                    :    Please see next pages Product specification   :      3680 ×760×12MM

Manufacturer                    :    SHANGHAI KSTONE INDUSTRIAL CO.,LTD

Date of Receipt                :    Feb.05,2018

Test Period                      :    Feb.05,2018 to Mar.31,2018

1.Abrasion resistance, Barcol hardness, Tensile strength, Flexural strength, Density, Water absorption, High temperature resistance, Boiling water resistance, Coefficient of linear thermal expansion

Test Result:

Test Item Test Method Test Condition Test Result
 

 

Abrasion resistance

 

 

ASTM D4060-07

Load: 500g/wheel Wheel: CS-10 Total 5000 cycles  

Weight loss: 156.8mg

Barcol hardness ASTM D2583-07 Thickness: 12.15mm 33
 

 

Tensile strength

 

 

ASTM D638-08

Specimen width: 13.2mm Specimen thickness: 4.0mm Testing speed: 50mm/min  

 

33.9MPa

 

 

Flexural strength

 

ASTM D790-07ε1

Specimen: 127mm×12.9mm×4.0mm Testing speed: 2mm/min

Span: 64mm

 

 

51.1MPa

Density ASTM D792-08 —- 1717.5 kg/m3
Water absorption ASTM D570- 98(2005) —- 0.038%
High temperature resistance  

NEMA LD3-2005

Specimen: 200mm×200mm Hot wax method 180℃, 20min  

No effect

Boiling water resistance NEMA LD3-2005 Specimen: 200mm×200mm No effect
Coefficient of linear thermal expansion With reference to ASTM D696-08 -30℃~30℃ 3.2×10-5/℃

 

1.Stain resistance, Chemical resistance, Ball impact resistance

Test Item Test Method Test Result
Stain resistance NEMA LD3-2005 Total Score:13 See Appendix A
Chemical resistance With reference to

ANSI Z124.1-1995

See Appendix B
Ball impact resistance NEMA LD3-2005 See Appendix C

 

 

 

Test Reagent Number Stain Grade Test Result
1 Distilled water 0 No effect
2 Ethyl alcohol solution 0 No effect
3 Acetone 6 Severe effect
4 Household ammonia 0 No effect
5 10% Citric acid 0 No effect
6 Vegetable oil 0 No effect
7 Fresh coffee 0 No effect
8 Fresh tea 0 No effect
9 Catsup 0 No effect
10 Yellow mustard 0 No effect
11 10% Povidone iodine 3 Moderate effect
12 Black permanent marker 1 Moderate effect
13 #2 pencil 1 Moderate effect
14 Wax crayon 1 Moderate effect
15 Black paste shoe polish 1 Moderate effect
Remark Sample dimension: 400mm×100mm×12mm, 1pcs

 

Appendix B: Test result of Chemical resistance:

Chemicals Number Chemicals name Test Result
1 10% acetic acid Not affected
2 0.10M nitric acid (HNO3) Not affected
3 0.10M hydrochloric acid (HCl) Not affected
4 0.10% sodium hydroxide Not affected
5 Ammonia solution Not affected
6 10% Sodium hypochlorite solution Affected
7 10% sodium hydroxide Affected
8 Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) Not affected
9 Acetone Affected
10 Toluene Not affected
11 1.0M nitric acid Not affected
12 50% sodium hydroxide Affected
13 Methyl ethyl ketone Affected
14 Glacial acetic acid Affected
15 Chloroform (CHCl3) Affected
16 Methyl methacrylate Affected
17 Aqua regia Affected
18 11M nitric acid (HNO3) Affected
19 10M hydrochloric acid (HCl) Affected
20 Methylene chloride (CH2Cl2) Affected
Remark The chemicals list was offered by client.

 

Appendix C: Test result of ball impact resistance:

 

The height of ball Test result
3.5m The sample is not broken.
Remark The sample is bonded to particleboard utilizing a PVAc adhesive.

 

1.Colorfastness test

Test standard: ANSI Z124.3-2005

Xenon-arc exposure in accordance with ASTM D2565-99(2008) Test Condition: Irradiance: (0.35±0.02)W/(m2·nm)@340nm

Continuous light at (63±5)BPT

Filter: Daylight Exposure period: 200h

Test Result(s):

Evaluated Item Ref. Standard Test Condition Test Result
Color difference △E*ab ASTM D2244-09a D65 standard light source  with 10°observer 2.2
Grey scale ISO105-

A02:1993/Cor.2:2005

D65 standard light 3-4
Gloss ASTM D523-08 60o geometry Gloss before test: 16.3 Gloss after test: 15.1

Note: According to ISO105-A02:1993/Cor.2:2005, Grey scale is determined under D65 standard light, grade 5 is the best and grade 1 is the worst.

 Reference Sample                  Test Sample

After Xenon-arc Exposure

 

1.Resistance of Synthetic Polymeric Materials to Fungi Test Method(s):

ASTM G21-1996 (Reapproved 2002) Standard Practice for Determining Resistance of Synthetic Polymeric

Materials to Fungi

 

Test Organsim(s):

Aspergillus niger ATCC9642, Penicillium pinophilum ATCC11797, Aureobasidium pullulans ATCC15233, Chaetomium globosum ATCC6205, Gliocladium virens ATCC9645

 

Test result(s):

Test Culture Concentration of spores (spores /mL) Level (after 28 days)
Aspergillus niger

ATCC9642

 

 

 

 

1.2×106

 

 

 

 

2 Grade

Aureobasidium pullulans ATCC15233
Penicillium pinophilum ATCC11797
Chaetomium globosum

ATCC6205

Gliocladium virens ATCC9645

Note: According to ASTM G 21-1996 (Reapproved 2002) Standard Practice for Determining Resistance of Synthetic Polymeric Materials to Fungi, observed fungi growth rating on the specimens include:

  • –None
  • –Traces of growth (less than 10%) 2 –Light growth (10 to 30%)
  • –Medium growth (30 to 60%)
  • –Heavy growth (60% to complete coverage)

 

Fire test Test Requested:

1.To determine the flame spread index (FSI) and smoke-developed index (SDI) of the sample’s surface burning characteristics when it is subjected to the conditions of specified in ASTM E84:2009c “Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials”

2.To determine the performance of the sample when it is subjected to the conditions of test specified in BS 476 Part 6:1989 + A1:2009 —Fire tests on building materials and structures-Part 6: Method of  test for fire propagation for products

3.To determine the performance of the sample when it is subjected to the conditions of test specified in BS 476 Part 7:1997 —Fire tests on building materials and structures Part 7:Method of test to determine the classification of the surface spread of flame products

Sample Details

 The details of the tested specimen given below have been prepared from information provided by the sponsor of the test. All values quoted are nominal, unless tolerances are given.

 

 

General description

KSTONE Acrylic Solid Surface  It is widely

used as all kinds of countertops in commercial and home decoration.

Trade Name / Product Reference Acrylic Solid Surface / KSTONE
Name of Manufacturer SHANGHAI KSTONE INDUSTRIAL CO,.LTD
 

 

Composition details

1). Methyl Methacrylate(MMA):About from 43% to 45%

2). Hydrated Aluminum Oxide Powder(ATH):About 55%

4).  Anti-ultraviolet Resin: 0.3%

5). Other:About 2%

Color White color
Thickness 12mm
Bulk Density / Mass per unit area About 1.75g/cm3
 

Brief description of manufacturing process

Our Acrylic Solid Surface product waspolymerized (blended) by Methyl Methacrylate, lsophthalic Resin including anti-UV ultraviolet resin and Hydrated Aluminum Oxide Powder in the vacuum-mixer machine.
 

End use

Our Acrylic Solid Surface product was widely used as countertops in public construction such as luxury hotel, laboratory, airport, school, bank and high-class

entertainment place and domestic decoration field.

 

Test result:

  1. ASTM E84:2009c
  • Test Conducted

This test was conducted in accordance with ASTM E84:2009c Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials.

  • Introduction

The method, designated as ASTM E 84:09c, “Standard Method of Test for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials”, is designed to determine the relative surface burning characteristics of materials under specific test conditions. Results are expressed in terms of flame spread index (FSI) and smoke developed index (SDI).

The purpose of this test method is to determine the relative burning behavior of the material by observing the flame spread along the specimen. Flame spread and smoke developed index are reported. However, there is not necessarily a relationship between these two measurements.

  • Test Procedure

 

The tunnel is preheated to 150°F, as measured by the floor-embedded thermocouple located 23.25 feet downstream of the burner ports, and allowed to cool to 105°F, as measured by the floor-embedded thermocouple located 13 feet from the burners. At this time the tunnel lid is raised and the test sample is placed along the ledges of the tunnel so as to form a continuous ceiling 24 feet long, 12 inches above the floor. The lid is then lowered into place.

Upon ignition of the gas burners, the flame spread distance is observed and recorded every 15 seconds. Flame spread distance versus time is plotted ignoring any flame front recessions. If the area under the curve (A) is less than or equal to 97.5 min·ft, FSI = 0.515·A; if greater, FSI = 4900/(195-A). Smoke developed is determined by comparing the area under the obscuration curve for the test sample to that of inorganic reinforced cement board and red oak, arbitrarily established as 0 and 100, respectively.

  • Conditioning

Prior to testing, the sample was conditioned,

To a constant weight at a temperature of 73.4±5°F (23±2.8°C) and at a relative humidity of 50±5%

 

Exposed Face:

One face of the specimen was exposed to the flame.

 Mounting Methods:

The specimen was self-supporting and was placed directly on the inner ledges of the tunnel.

The specimen consisted of 3 pieces of 2470mm×600mm×12mm scetions jointed end-to-end.

 

5)    Test Results
Sample FSI SDI
“MODIFIED ACRYLIC SOLID SURFACE” 5 100

 

Rating:

The National Fire Protection Association Life Safety Code 101, Chapter 10, Section 10.2.3 “Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish Classification”, has a means of classifying materials with respect to Flame Spread and Smoke Developed when tested in accordance with NFPA 255, ASTM E84, UL 723 “Method of  Test of  Surface  Burning Characteristics of Building Materials”.

International Building Code, Chapter 8, Interior Finishes, Section 803 “Wall and Ceiling Finishes”,  was       classified in accordance with ASTM E84 or UL 723. Such interior finish materials shall be grouped in the following classes in accordance with their flame spread and smoke-developed indexes.

 

The classifications are as follows:
Class A Class B Class C
Flame Spread Index 0-25 26-75 76-200
Smoke-developed Index 0-450 0-450 0-450

 

Since the tested sample received a Flame Spread Index 5 and a Smoke Developed 100, it would meet the requirement of Class A interior Wall & Ceiling Finish Category.

OBSERVATIONS

 

Time to ignition (sec) 342
Time to Max. FS (sec) 469
Maximum FS (feet) 3

 NOTE: The use of supporting materials on the underside of the test specimen has the ability to lower the flame spread index from those which might be obtained if the specimen could be tested without such support. These test results do not necessarily relate to indices obtained by testing materials without such support.

Testing of materials that melt, drip, or delaminate to such a degree that the continuity of the flame front is destroyed, results in low flame spread indices that do not relate directly to indices obtained by testing materials that remain in place.

Graphical Results:

  1. BS 476 Part 6:1989 + A1:2009
  • Test conducted

This test was conducted in accordance with the procedure specified in BS 476 Part 6:1989 + A1:2009

—Fire tests on building materials and structures Part 6: Method  of  test for fire propagation  for  products.

  • Test details Conditioning:

Prior to testing, the sample was conditioned,

to constant mass at a temperature of 23 ± 2 °C, and a relative humidity of 50 ± 10 %, and maintained in this condition until required for testing.

Exposed Face:

One face of the specimen was exposed to the flame. Form in which the specimens were tested:Material

      • Test results

      Throughout the test on each specimen, carefully observe the material’s behaviour within the apparatus and take special note of any of the following phenomena listed in clause 9.2 of the standard. None of the listed phenomena was observed and the test results on all three specimens tested were valid.

      The index of the performance for the specimen was determined as follows:

      S = index of performance for each of the specimens tested and S1, S2 and S3 are sub- indices t = Time in minutes from the origin at which readings are taken

      qs = Temperature rise in for the specimen at time, t

      qc = Temperature rise in for the calibration sheet at time, t

       

      Fire Propagation index

      I = i1  + i2  + i3

      Where,  i1 , i2

      and i3   are given by the expressions:

       

      i1  = 13 [(S1 )A  + (S1 )B  + (S1 )C ],  i2  = 13 [(S2 )A  + (S2 )B  + (S2 )C ],  i3  = 13 [(S3 )A  + (S3 )B  + (S3 )C ]

       

      The following test results were obtained for each specimen tested:

       

      Sub – indices                         Index of performance

      Specimen No.
      S1 S2 S3 S
      A 0.68 0.63 0.49 1.79
      B 0.80 0.65 0.49 1.95
      C 0.61 0.78 0.62 2.01

       

      Number of Specimens tested

      Sub-index i1

      Sub-index i2

      Sub-index i3

      Fire Propagation index I

      3                      0.70              0.69              0.54                        1.92

       

      Note: If a suffix “R” is included in the above fire propagation index I, this indicates that the results should be treated with caution.

       

      1. BS 476 Part 7:1997
      • Test conducted

      This test was conducted in accordance with the procedure specified in BS 476 Part 7:1997 —Fire tests on building materials and structures Part 7. Method of test to determine the classification of the surface spread of flame of products.

      • Test details Conditioning:

      Prior to testing, the sample was conditioned,

      to constant mass at a temperature of 23 ± 2 °C, and a relative humidity of 50 ± 10 %, and maintained in this condition until required for testing.

      Exposed Face:

      One face of the specimen was exposed to the flame. Specimen mounting:

      Each specimen was placed into the specimen holder and backed with a non-combustible insulation board. So that no air gap was provide between the unexposed face of specimen and backing board.

      • Test results

       

      SPECIMEN No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
      Distance (mm) Time to travel to indicated distance (minutes :seconds)
      75 1’11” 1’10” 1’10” 1’09” 1’09” 1’11”
      165 2’07” 1’51” 1’49” 1’54” 1’54” 2’04”
      190
      215
      240
      265
      290
      375
      455
      500
      520
      600
      675
      710
      750
      785
      825
      Maximum distance traveled at 1.5 minutes 110 130 135 140 135 115
      Maximum distance traveled during the whole test (mm)  

      189

       

      182

       

      185

       

      182

       

      180

       

      185

      Time to reach maximum distance traveled 2’31” 2’43” 2’29” 2’37” 2’41” 2’51”

      Note: Six specimens are usually tested. If the test on any specimen is deemed to be invalid, as defined in the standard, it is permissible for up to a maximum of nine specimens to be tested in order to obtain the six valid test results.

      The classification limits specified in BS 476-7:1997 are given in Appendix 1. Observations during test:

      In the case of specimen No.1, ignited at 57 sec. In the case of specimen No.2, ignited at 54 sec. In the case of specimen No.3, ignited at 54 sec. In the case of specimen No.4, ignited at 51 sec. In the case of specimen No.5, ignited at 53 sec. In the case of specimen No.6, ignited at 57 sec.

      Criteria for classification:

       

      If the prefix “D” or suffix “R” or “Y” is included in the classification, this indicates that the results should be treated with caution. An explanation of the reason for prefix and suffixes is given in Appendix 2

       

      Appendix 1 Classification of spread of flame

       

      Spread of flame at 1.5 min                         Final spread of flame

       

      Classification            Limit (mm)

      Limit for one specimen in

      Limit (mm)

      Limit for one specimen in sample(mm)

       

                                                                 sample(mm)                                                                      

      Class 1 165 165+25 165 165+25
      Class 2 215 215+25 455 455+25
      Class 3 265 265+25 710 710+25

      Class 4                                              Exceeding the limits for class 3

       

       

      Appendix 2 Explanation of prefix and suffixes which may be added to the classification

       

      1. A suffix R is added to the classification if more than six specimens are required in order to obtain six valid test results (e.g. class 2R).
      2. A prefix D is added to the classification of any product which does not conform to the surface characteristics specified in the standard and has therefore been tested in a modified form (e.g. class D3).
      3. A suffix Y shall be added to the classification if any softening and/or other behaviour that may affect the flame spread occurs

      Classification: In accordance with the class definitions given in BS 476 Part 7:1997, the tested samples    are classified as class 1.

      WARNING:

       The test results relate only to the specimens of the product in the form in which were tested. Small differences in the composition or thickness of the product may significantly affect the performance during the test and may therefore invalidate the test results. Care should be taken to ensure that any product, which is supplied or used, is fully represented by the specimens, which were tested.

      The specimen was supplied by the sponsor and SGS-CSTC ANJI Branch was not involved in any selection or sampling procedure.

      Photo Appendix:

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

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